The 105th brigade was under the command of Manaf Tlass who defected in July 2012. Because of this, the loyalty of the 105th was doubted. It might be a reason why the 105th is not deployed on such a large scale like the other Republian Guard brigades are. The 105th Brigade units that are taking part in the fighting are mostly seen around Harasta. Two T-72 TURMS-T were captured by the Free Syrian Army here.
Syria signed a contract with Galileo Avionica of Italy - a wholly owned subsidiary of Finmeccanica - to upgrade 122 T-72 MBTs. It was signed in 1998. The estimated value of the contract is some 200 million dollar:
The upgrade includes installing the Galileo Tank Universal Reconfiguration Modular System T-series tank fire-control system (FCS). Known in short as (TURMS-T):
TURMS-T is a third-generation computerised day/ thermal FCS especially developed for the fire-control modernisation/ upgrade of Russian-originated T-family tanks (T-72, T-80, T-84, T-90, M-84 and so on). The TURMS-T is available for upgrade packages for other tank types made in the West. TURMS-T was trialled on the Czech T-72CZ and has been installed on the upgraded T-72M4 CZs as seen below.
The system includes stabilized sights for the gunner and commander (both with second-generation infra-red cameras) and a new turret-management computer and set of sensors, so that the gun stabilisation and accuracy is improved to the level of latest-generation tanks, even while firing on the move. The upgrade also includes an attachment for the Russian KBP Instrument Design Bureau 9K119 Refleks (AT-11) ATGM, which is fired through the T-72's 2A46 125mm main gun. The missile attachment was supplied by undisclosed subcontractors to Galileo. Installation of the systems was conducted in-country.
A complete view of the system can be seen here:
Syria and her TURMS-T equipped T-72s (2)
Syria and her BMP-2s
Syria and her fighting vehicles